A federal minimum-age law did not pass … Not enough states ratify the child labor amendment for it to become law. Between 1885 and 1889, stories like this led 10 states to pass minimum age laws, while 6 set maximum working hours for children. The first is the proposed child-labor amendment, which was submitted to the States during the 1st session of the 68th Congress in June 1924, as follows: 1924 – Congress adopts a constitutional amendment barring child labor and sends the amendment out to be ratified by the state legislatures. Keating-Owen Child Labor Act for kids: Why was the amendment to the law passed? Two states (and possibly a third) did ratify the Corwin Amendment, which was approved by Congress in 1861 and guaranteed the right of states that legalized slavery to keep “persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State.” It was passed by Congress … You might be surprised to know that the laws against "child labor" do not date from the 18th century. “Hmm, a constitutional amendment against child labor? In more recent times, only three proposed amendments have not been ratified by three-fourths of the States. 1936 – The Walsh-Healey Act sets safety standards, minimum wage, overtime pay, and child labor provisions on all federal contracts. Seems a bit radical for my tastes.” ~Voters in the 1920s, apparently. 31 Despite these new laws in some states, the number of child workers in the United States continued to increase. Not enough states ratify the child labor amendment for it to become law. Congress passes a constitutional amendment giving the federal government authority to regulate child labor, but too few states ratify it and it never takes effect 1936 Federal purchasing law passes Walsh-Healey Act states U.S. government will not purchase goods made by underage children It was the same law that gave us a minimum wage and defined what constitutes full-time and part-time work. 1924 – Congress adopts a constitutional amendment barring child labor and sends the amendment out to be ratified by the state legislatures. Before the Keating-Owen Child Labor Act was passed thirty-six states had banned the industrial employment of children under 14 years old, and eighteen of these states had also limited the working hours of children aged fourteen to sixteen. To become a part of the Constitution, an amendment must pass 75% of the States’ Legislatures. Education of youth became an issue and in 1836, Connecticut passed a law requiring working children to attend school 3 months a year. 12 of 15 are 80% — clearly over the 75% threshold. Although Congress passed an amendment to the Constitution banning child labor in 1924, the amendment was not ratified by the states. 32 In 1890, more than 18 percent of children ages 10 to 15 were employed. Attempts to secure a Constitutional amendment were not successful. Unfortunately, many of these laws were ignored, or did not apply to everyone, such as immigrants. Indeed, the national law against child labor didn't pass until the Great Depression — in 1938, with the Fair Labor Standards Act. 1936 – The Walsh-Healey Act sets safety standards, minimum wage, overtime pay, and child labor provisions on all federal contracts. 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